作者: Alexander Tomchuk, Ukraine


翻译:CWWS (

Making of Ashoan



Hi, everybody who where interested in this tutorial, which is my first one and I hope you will like it. Through this tutorial I will try to explain the entire process of creating this particular image, from the first step to the final result.


About the Image


First of all, I want to say that from the very beginning I did not thought about any scene, rocks, sunset and so on. Just wanted to experiment in different direction of art, cause I usually creating human characters. So I’ve stopped on the fantasy style and asked my friend Vladimir Kiselyov to draw a very fast sketch, unfortunately drawing of the character was lost and no digital copies where created. Once very rough model been created I was forced to suspend further development. Some time later I found this model in my library and an idea of image came to me.

首先,我想要说在最初的时候,我并没有考虑任何场景,岩石,落日等等,只是想要常识一下不同方向的艺术,因为我一般创建人物角色,因此我决定制作幻想风格的作品,并请我的朋友Vladimir Kiselyov绘制了一张快速草图很不幸的是那张草图被遗失了,并没有留下数码的备份,一旦大致的模型被创建了,我就延缓了进一步的细节开发。然后晚些时候,我在我的模型库里面发现了这个模型,然后一个关于最终图像的想法在我心中产生了。



Usually I’m starting with all my models from primitives such as box, plane, spline, cylinder etc. It allows me to keep polygon count under control. This is very important, because rendering and overall development time depends on it. So my advice, keep it as low as possible, remove everything you think is unnecessary. Less polygons – more co ntrol over the volume! Every time I starting the new model, I just open the sketch and all the helpful references on the secondary monitor and starting to create.





When the base model is done, it is time to add some more details. No need to unwrap model before exporting to ZBrush on this stage. You can do it later. What I do, is just exporting the model without Turbo Smooth modifier on it. Then, even if you finished with sculpting, you always can export first Sub divide level to 3ds max and change what ever you need. Then import it back in ZBrush over the first subdivide level. Just remember, you can not add or remove polygons. I decided to break up the character into manageable pieces (head, body, head belts, body belts). It is reasonable to do, every time you starting new character!

当基础模型完成之后,是时候添加更多的细节。在导入Zbrush之前,你不需要展开模型的UV,你可以晚些时候再做。我一般直接把没有细分过的模型导出,甚至当你完成雕刻之后,你都总是可以导出第一级细分的模型到3ds max然后按照你的想法做改变,然后再以第一级细分模式导回到Zbrush。只要记住,你不可以增加活着删减多边形。我决定把角色分成多个易于处理的部分(头,身体,头带,身体的带子),每一次你开始建立一个新模型,这么做都是非常合理的。




After sculpting been done, I’ve exported modified first subdivide level from ZBrush and proceed to rigging. I used Biped skeleton.

当雕刻完成之后,我把模型以第一级细分导出然后进行绑定,我使用Biped skeleton骨架系统




Once I finished with sculpting, (and surely unwrap) it is time to draw the textures and translate all the details from ZBrush to lower resolution model in 3ds max. Using displacement maps is always very expensive to process so I decide to do the work with normal maps. Firstly I generated the normal and ambient occlusion maps in ZBrush, to simulate details. All textures are hand painted with overlayed occlusion map to enhance the details. On the next you can see layering of the textures. Head and body texture resolution are 4096×4096.

一旦我完成了雕刻(同时确保展开UV),现在是时候绘制贴图并把所有的细节都从Zbrush转换到3ds max.中更低精度的模型上面。使用置换贴图处理起来永远是非常花费时间的,所以我决定还使用normal(法线)贴图。首先我在Zbrush里面生成了法线贴图和环境遮挡贴图来模拟所有的细节。所有的的贴图都是手绘的,还覆盖了遮挡贴图增强细节。接下来的图片你可以看到贴图的分层,头部和身体的贴图分辨率都是4096×4096。


Scene Modeling


When the character was done, I have started with the scene. First of all I did very quick base model for the rock in 3ds max, then exported it into ZBrush to proceed with sculpting. Then I generated normal and ambient occlusion maps which was projected in ZBrush from the highest Subdivision level to the third one, because whole rock was very heavy to export in 3ds max, and third subdivision was like 17 000 polygons which was enough.

当角色完成之后,我开始场景的工作,首先我在3ds max里制作了基础的岩石模型,然后把它导出到Zbrush里雕刻,然后我在ZB里面把最高细分级别的模型制作出法线贴图和环境遮挡贴图,并投射到细分调到第三级的模型上面,因为整个的岩石模型对于3ds max来说面数太多了,而第三级的17 000个多边形的岩石模型就显得足够了。


Texture for the rock you can see below. And actually here is the place I did a mistake, because overall resolution of the rock texture 4096×4096 which is good, if you want to see this rock from the middle distance. But in my case I have very close look on the 30% of the rock, and in full resolution of the final image it looks not very nice. So keep this in mind!



After all, I posed a character on the rock and shackled him with all those rusty chains. I understand that a lot of details and geometry is not visible on the final image and it was not necessary to model it. But it makes a lot of pleasure to create all this, and you can see it now, so it was not waste of time.



Lighting and Shading


For this image I used Global Illumination. So here are Sky light, 2 spot lights and one Sun. All light sources casting “Mental ray Shadow map” shadows.

对于这张图像,我使用Global Illumination(全局照明),因此这里使用的天空光,两盏聚光灯和一个太阳照明,所有的光源都投射“Mental ray Shadow map”的阴影。


As for the character, I used mental ray skin shader. Unlike human skin which needs to prepare unique specular map, subsurface scattering map and so on, I just copied diffuse map to Specular color and specular weight channels, and it worked out just fine (actually in this shader, maps is not so important as all other values which you can see on the next image). Leather shader based on “Arch & design” Leather type with further corrections.

对于角色,我使用mental ray的皮肤材质,不像人类的皮肤需要准备特殊的高光贴图,次表面散射贴图等等,我只是把我的漫反射贴图复制到我的高光颜色和高光比重通道,然后它就工作得很好了。(实际上在这个材质类型里面,贴图并不如你在下图看到的其他参数那样重要)。皮革材质基于“Arch & design”里的Leather类型,并做了进一步的修正。


Here is the render of the character with simple lights, and on the next image you can see how shader works on the textured character.



Composition and Post Production


On the image below you can see progress of this work.



Lens effect was created in completely new scene. I’ve just set on the background in 3ds max image I already had, created new light and rendered lens effect which was next tuned and overlayed in Photoshop. Background where created from the photos I found (sorry cannot show it to you cause nothing where saved). And I used “Hair and Fur” to create beard. And in final touch, I rendered Z-depth to add DOF effect, and in some places I overlay the inverted ZDepth map with “Color Dodge” type, which added very nice glow effect on the bright edges. Some scratches and shadows were painted on this stage.

镜头效果是在一个全新的场景里面创建的。我只是把我已经完成的图像设置为3DS Max的背景,然后创建一盏心得灯光,并渲染成镜头耀光效果,然后把渲染结果导入Potoshop,覆盖在最顶层。背景是通过我搜集的照片创建的(对不起不能向你展示原始图片,我忘记我存在哪里了。)我使用“Hair and Fur”来创建胡须,在最后的修正中,我渲染了Z通道层并以此添加景深,我还在一些地方使用反向的Z通道图片,并应用“Color Dodge”层叠模式,这可以给画面的亮部边缘添加一种非常好的光晕效果,我还在场景里绘制了一些划痕和阴影。


Here is the wireframe of the final scene.



And here is the final image.



I’m glad to share this tutorial with CG community and I hope it was useful and interesting for you. I understand that some details of the process missed, sorry about this. Feel free to visit my online portfolio to see what’s new. Thank you for you time and interest towards my work.

我非常乐意分享这个教学作为cg 交流,并且我希望它能让你感兴趣,对你有用。我理解这个教学缺少了处理过程中的一些细节,对此我表示抱歉。希望你能浏览我的在线作品集,看看我的新作。感谢你对我的作品感兴趣。



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