绘制一幅风景

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本教学为翻译教学,转载请注明来自aboutcg.net,以及注明翻译者

者:Alain Descamps (法国)

翻译:CWWS (aboutcg.net

原始链接:http://www.cgarena.com/freestuff/tut…ape/index.html

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Painting a Landscape
绘制一幅风景

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Here a small tutorial which will enable you to paint in Photoshop a basic landscape which could be thereafter detailed. The tools essential with its realization will be the brushes and their settings.、
这里有一个小教学,它将帮助你了解如何在Photoshop里面绘制基本的风景,并且在将来可以进一步添加细节,这里使用的主要工具是笔刷和它们的不同设置。

In a new document, whose size is 1900 X 900 pixels we will first paint the sky. If you have difficulty in choosing your color of sky or your range, then you can take the help of a photograph. If in spite of a photograph you do not get the desired result, it should be said that during morning and evening sky changes the colors very quickly because of sun.
打开一个新文档,分辨率是1900 X 900 像素,我们首先需要绘制天空,如果你觉得选择天空的蓝色调很困难,那么你可以借助于拍摄照片来作为帮助,如果你从一张照片中无法获得理想的天空颜色,那可 能是由于早晨与傍晚的天空由于太阳的关系,颜色变化很快,所以最好多拍几张作为参考。

Sky – On two separate layers, paints with a hard brush – a blue color and a yellow color with orange tint on other. Then apply a Gaussian blur for blending both the colors and also remove the between line.
天空位于两个分开的层,用硬笔刷来绘制,一层选择蓝色,另一层选择有一些橘色调的黄色,然后给它们添加Gaussian blur(高斯模糊)滤镜来消除两层颜色之间的硬边,使它们互相融合。

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It should be known everything on distant is contrasted much less than what is in the foreground. One will work with brownish colors and thus will play with the luminosity of the selected color.
你要记住远景的对比度总是比近景的低好多,近景主要是呈褐色调的,并且会有在不同的明度间转换。

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Once the color is chosen, which brush to use? Photoshop offers a various brush presets which can be changed to create your own brushes. We will draw abrupt mountains and would like to have peaks with the mountains. Chooses the Chalk brush and changes his orientation (Angle) in the brush settings dialog box.
一旦选择好颜色,就要开始考虑使用什么笔刷,Photoshop提供的广泛的笔刷设置,你可以选择设置自己的笔刷,我们将要绘制陡峭的山脉,山脉会有很高的山峰
选择Chalk brush(粉笔笔刷)并在笔刷设置对话框改变它的方向(角度)。

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On a new layer draw the mountains with the above created brush
新建一层使用上一步制作的笔刷绘制山脉。

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On a new layer with difference in color according to the luminosity draw another mountains.
再建一层,使用不同亮度的颜色创建另一层山脉。

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Create a new layer once again and paint the mountains in the foreground without forgetting to regulate the luminosity of the color. Its a good habit to paint on different layers so you can change/remove anything anytime.
再一次建立新层,在前景绘制山脉,不要忘记控制颜色的亮度,在不同的层绘制不同内容是一个好习惯,这样你就可以在任何时候添加或去除任何内容。

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One will now start to give a little detail to the mountains. The same brush is kept but one will play this time with the opacity and the flow of the brush. Also add some nuances orange to give the orientation of light and his height too.
我们下载要给山脉一些细节,保持相同的笔刷,但这一次使用不同的透明度和压感设置。另外增加一些变化的橙色,来给山脉定义光照方向和它的高度。

One can also utilize the gum because, by withdrawing the color of the mountain, appears that of the orange sky which is in lower part but attention with the use, it is no return thus prudence with the opacity and the flow of gum. A mask of fusion is recommended.
你还可以利用凝胶状感觉,除开山脉的颜色,出现的天空下半部分,也比较吸引注意力,你可以使用笔刷透明度和压感创建胶状的感觉,这里推荐使用一个混合的Mask(遮罩)。

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For the mountains of the centers, adds a copy to the top and groups the two copies (Alt touches while approaching the separation of the two copies), which makes it possible to paint on the copy of top without that not exceeding a copy which is located in lower part.

对于中间的山脉层,添加一个复制层,然后将它们成组(按住Alternative键在两层中间点击鼠标),这可以让你在顶层绘制而不影响下面一层。

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Even practical that the preceding copy and one paint to give blows of light brushes of them, because smudge tool will come to help us to give an effect of spreading out (because one must perceive a little more snows), it is the tool “finger”.
均匀地在之前的复制层上面绘制一些轻巧的笔刷,然后使用涂抹工具来帮助我们得到一种散开的效果,(因为必须创建一种白雪的效果),使用“finger”(手指)工具来创建。

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For the clouds, one can draw them with a brush, on several layers by applying several directional and Gaussian blur, but one can also use the smudge once again Here, a cloud was defined as brushes, it is chosen and one places it (a blow of brush) on the scene.
对于云彩,你可以使用特定笔刷来绘制,使用不同的层,建立不同方向的基本云朵,并给它们Gaussian blur(高斯模糊)效果,你也可以再次使用涂抹工具:)这里,我将一朵云彩定义为笔刷,然后选择它在场景中添加新的云。

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Settings of the Smudge Tool
涂抹工具的设置

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Now stretch the desired parts of the clouds, spreads out it, changes his similarity from others and as soon as that appears well, leaves it.
现在拉伸云朵得到你期望的形状,将它散开,改变它的的分布,如下图所示,把它们放在各个地方。

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dd a smoke trail of a plane in a scene. This will add more realism. For this stage, modify the brush settings in order to have more broken edges of brush. Ans also apply a blur in the end to show the weak trail, because every partcile have some age.

在场景中添加一道烟的轨迹,这能增加更多的真实感,到这个阶段,调节笔刷设置,获得更加不规则的边缘,同样在烟雾轨迹的末端添加模糊滤镜,来表现烟雾末端的弱化,因为所有的粒子烟雾都有一些寿命,过了就消失了。

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Just to the top of the copy of the sky, paint a gleam orange for Accenture the presence of the sun on this side (here on the left).
选择一个天空层绘制一些微弱的橙黄色亮光来显示太阳出现在这边的感觉(本作品中出现在左边)。

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On another copy, located between the copy of the mountains of the bottom and that of the intermediate mountains, adds an Orange filter with a mode of fusion “linear density -”, but it is not obligatory.

在另外一个处于最底层的山脉和中间山脉之间的层里增加一个桔色的滤镜,并对它使用“linear density -”的混合模式,来给场景增加更多橘黄色,但这一步不是必需的。

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With the filter.
滤镜效果起作用下的情况。

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Hope you enjoy this small tutorial on painting a landscape. If you have any query, question or suggestion then dont hesitate to email me.
希望你喜欢这个风景绘制的小教学,如果你有任何疑问,问题,或意见建议,欢迎给我发邮件。

Related Links
相关链接

Alain’s Website: www.adesconcept.net

Alain’s网站:www.adesconcept.net
有问题可以参与答疑

2回复绘制一幅风景"

  1. 鑫文说道:

    【绘制一幅风景】可以分享下处理山脉细节的一些经验嘛。好几次画完都是这块细节处理的很粗糙

  2. zyun说道:

    谢谢啊,学到了~

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